AI (ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE) is basically the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines like Computer Systems. The general processes include learning, reasoning and self-correction. The Various applications of AI include expert systems, as well as speech recognition.
John Mccathy, who is an American computer scientist in 1956 given the term Artificial Intelligence at the Conference . It encompasses everything from the robotic process automation to actual robotics. Tasks like Identifying the patterns in the data more efficiently than humans are possible through the Artificial Intelligence. It can enable businesses to insight out of their data.
Artificial Intelligence is gaining popularity alongwith Virtual Reality (VR) . It is estimated that both AI and VR can transorm education positively in the coming years. Although High-cost is a concern but the days are not too far when the VR and AI tools will be accessible to everyone such as smartphones and computer systems.
Types of Artificial Intelligence:
1. Reactive Machines:
Reactive machines type is one of the purely reactive . This type of AI perceives its environment and the situation directly. It can’t form memories and dependent on past experiences.
DEEP BLUE, IBM’s chess-Playing supercomputer, which beat International champion Garry Kasparov is the best example of this type of machine.
Deep Blue has the ability to identify the pieces on a chess board and knows how much moves are there. This type of a system do not has the memory of the past nor does it has any past experience with it.
2. Limited Memory:
Machines that can look into the past are included in this type. Self-driving cars do the same thing. These are generally used when the car decides to change lanes, to avoid cutting off another driver or being hit by a car nearby.
Compact AI system developed by Mitsubishi Electric is also very prevalent so that autonomous cars can compute things in shorter amount of time due to filtering technology that looks at the information necessary for certain types of analysis.
3. Theory of Mind:
The Theory of Mind AI is an advanced technology. If we talk about in the psychological terms, this theory resents the understanding of people and things in the world that can have as well. But this type of theory has not been developed completely in the society.It can only be developed by beginning to develop robots, that are able to identify eye and face movements.
This type of AI is the supplement of the theory of mind AI. Self-aware AI is not fully developed yet . Particular devices are tuned into cues from human beings like attention spans,emotions and also able to display self-driven reactions.
5. Artificial Narrow-Intelligence (ANI):
It is the most basic and common technology that can be found in many aspects of daily life. Smartphones like Cortana and Siri uses this technology. It is also referred to as a weak ‘AI’.
6. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI):
It is type of artificial intelligence systems wok like humans and it is called as ‘Strong AI’. The robots work on ANI, but few are AGI or above. Pillo robot is the example of AGI which answers to all questions with respect to the health of the family. It can distribute pills and also give guidance about their health. This is a very powerful technology and is very necessary for living with a full-time live-in doctor.
7. Artificial Superhuman Intelligence (ASI):
This type of Intelligence has the ability to achieve everything that a human can do and more.Alpha 2 is the best example of first humanoid robot developed for the family. This type of robot is capable of managing a smart home and can operate the things in your home.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence:
1. Error Reduction:
The greatest application of the artificial intelligence is the error reduction.
2. Daily Application:
Computed methods for automated reasoning ,learning have become a common phenomenon in our daily lives.
When a picture is taken, the AI algorithm identifies and detects the face of the person and tags the individuals when we are posting our photographs on the social media websites.
3. Medical Applications:
Artificial Intelligence has advantages in medical field also.
4. No Breaks:
Artificial Intelligence do not require frequent breaks and refreshments.